- n. From the Medieval Latin "velvetum", and Middle English "veluet" "velvet" among others. It refers to a silk textile fabric that has a short, dense and smooth piled surface. The pile is produced by a pile warp that is raised in loops above a ground weave through the introduction of rods during the weaving. There are many types of velvet, classified depending on the nature of the pile (broderie velvet, ciselè velvet, cut velvet, pile-on-pile velvet, uncut velvet, etc.).
- pile weave
- velvet weave
- CIETA. Vocabulary of technical terms of fabrics (English, French, Italian, Spanish). Lyon: Centre International d’Etude des Textiles Anciens, 1964; Burnham, Dorothy. Warp and Weft. A Textile Terminology. Royal Ontario Museum, 1980. Simpson, John; Weiner, Edmund (eds). The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford : Clarendon Press ; Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1989. [www.oed.com]
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