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PREFERRED TERM
Twill (weave)  
DEFINITION
  • n. Middle English from a Scots and northern English variant of obsolete twilly, from Old English twi- ‘two’, suggested by Latin bilix ‘two-threaded’.  A basic binding system, woven as to have a surface of diagonal parallel ridges. The binding points are set over by one end on successive picks and form diagonal lines.Sequential threads skip or float over one or more interlacements in a diagonal alignment, forming a unit with no less than three warps and three wefts. Each end passes over two or more adjacent picks and under the next one or more, or under two or more adjacent picks and over the next one or more. The binding points are set over by one end on successive picks. The repeat of a twill is described according to the number of warps and wefts that float in sequence, such as 2/2, 3/1, or 1/2, etc. The bar used between the numbers indicates the direction of the twill diagonal, but the bar / is used also without any implication. If it is needed a more definite annotation of the twill direction the addition of the letters S or Z could be used.
BROADER CONCEPT
ENTRY TERMS
  • serge
  • serge weave
  • twill weave
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
  • CIETA. Burnham, Dorothy. Warp and Weft. A Textile Terminology. Royal Ontario Museum, 1980. Stevenson, Angus, ed. Oxford Dictionary of English. 3rd ed. Oxford University Press, 2010. Phipps, Elena. Looking at Textiles. A guide to technical terms. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2011.
IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Sergé (armure)

French

Saia (armatura)

Italian

spinato
spigato
Sarga (ligamento)

Spanish

URI
http://data.silknow.org/vocabulary/238
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