- n. From the French "carline" and the medieval Latin "carlina". A representation of the genus of composite plants, closely allied to the thistles, and hence generally called Carline Thistle. The common species grows on dry soil, and is conspicuous for the straw-coloured, hygrometric involucre which surrounds the dull purple disk of the flower. It was a common gothic style decoration, made in stone, for example.
- Simpson, John; Weiner, Edmund (eds). The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford : Clarendon Press ; Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1989. [www.oed.com]
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